Brooklyn is located on the westernmost portion of Long Island, located South West of Queens. It is connected to the island of Manhattan by the Brooklyn bridge. Brooklyn is accessible from Manhattan by taking the subway from lower Manhattan to Brooklyn. Brooklyn used to encompass two areas, which were known as The City of Brooklyn and The City of Williamsburg. Brooklyn has now grown to include more areas such as Flatbush and Gravesend. Manhattan used to boast the highest population of any city in America, however recently, Brooklyn's population growth has surpassed the population of Manhattan. Brooklyn has a bustling independent art scene and ethnic population. Brooklyn has truly turned into a place with a thriving art scene. Many of the old factories in Brooklyn have been converted to artist's studios. There are many cultural centers for the arts, and museums such as The Brooklyn Museum which support art education and the spread of contemporary art. Many people work and live in Brooklyn while others live in Brooklyn and commute to Manhattan to get to work or universities. Subway stops which reach to Brooklyn do not go to every part of Brooklyn which is why it may be necessary for people living in Brooklyn to have an alternate form of transportation such as a bike or car.